The Monroe County Probate Court adjudicates three types of guardianship proceedings:
- Guardianships for developmentally disabled individuals
- Guardianships for legally incapacitated adults
- Guardianships for minors
Each of these types of guardianships are explained in more detail on subsequent pages on this website.
- How do I become a guardian?
To become a guardian, you must file a petition, pay the filing fee, serve interested persons, and appear at a hearing. Generally, anyone may petition to become guardian.
- What situation justifies an emergency hearing on a guardianship?
An emergency guardianship hearing would be warranted when medical decisions are immediately necessary to save the ward from serious injury, illness, or death. Use this form (PDF) to help guide you in determining whether this situation would be considered an emergency.
- What are the different types of guardians?
- Guardian of a Minor - This guardian has the care and control of the minor much as a parent would have.
- Limited Guardian of Minor - This guardian has the care and control of the minor. However, this guardianship differs from a regular guardianship in that the guardian can not consent to the marriage of the minor, the adoption of the minor, or the release of the minor for adoption.
- Full Guardian of a Legally Incapacitated Individual - This guardian has the care and control of the adult much as a parent would have over their child.
- Limited Guardian of a Legally Incapacitated Individual - A guardian of an adult who possesses fewer than all of the legal rights and powers of a full guardian and whose rights, powers, and duties have been specifically enumerated by court order.
- Guardian Ad Litem - This is not a guardian in the usual sense. A guardian ad litem is appointed to represent the interest of a party in a proceeding before the court where that party is unable to adequately represent themselves. The guardian ad litem may make a recommendation to the court based upon what they believe to be in the best interest of the party they represent. They have no authority to make decisions for the party they represent and should not be confused with a guardian.
- Guardian of the Person - This is the guardian of a developmentally disabled person. Such guardians are appointed under provisions of the Mental Health Code rather than the Probate Code. This guardian has the care and control of the developmentally disabled person (formerly referred to as a mentally retarded adult) much as a parent would have over their child.
- Guardian of the Estate - This guardian has the same duties and responsibilities as a conservator except the ward is a developmentally disabled person. This guardian is appointed under the Mental Health Code rather than the Probate Code.
- Plenary Guardian - This is a guardian of a developmentally disabled person who possesses the legal rights and powers of a full guardian of the person, or of the estate, or both.
- Partial Guardian - This is a guardian of a developmentally disabled person who possesses fewer than all the legal rights and powers of a plenary guardian, and whose rights, powers, and duties have been specifically enumerated by court order.
- Temporary Guardian - This guardian is appointed for a temporary period of time pending a full guardianship hearing or when the appointed guardian is not performing his or her duties. A temporary guardian can only do those things which are specifically authorized by the appointing court.
- In what County would I file a guardianship?
In a minor guardianship, the petitioner would file in the county where the minor resides or is present at the time the proceeding is commenced.
In a guardianship for an incapacitated individual, the petitioner would file in the county where the incapacitated individual resides or is present. If the incapacitated individual is admitted to an institution by court order, the petitioner would file in the county in which that court is located.