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If the well is not going to be used it should be sealed rather than capped. The term "sealed" means to be filled up with an impervious material. You will need to contact a licensed well driller to have the well properly sealed or abandoned. The sealing material or grout should be pumped into the well from the bottom up under constant pressure to ensure complete sealing of the hole.
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You may come into the Health Department and complete the permit application and pay the permit application fee and associated lab fees (PDF). The water sample will be collected by a sanitarian and analyzed at the accredited water laboratory that the Health Department. Your well permit will be given a final approval by the Environmental Health Division once a safe water sample is obtained and a satisfactory construction inspection has taken place.
From time to time property owners may want to sample their wells to ensure there has not been any contamination of the water supply. You may obtain a sterile sample bottle from an accredited water laboratory or from the Monroe County Health Department Environmental Health Division if you plan to use us for your analysis. From the water tap closest to the raw water inlet of your home, prior to any water treatment, you may have installed on your water system, turn on the water and allow the water to run for approximately 5 five minutes. If there is a filter screen installed on the end of the faucet, remove it before running the water. After the 5 minutes, fill the sterile bottle and return it to the lab within the specified time that the laboratory indicates to you. The water samples should be refrigerated and then kept on ice during transport.
If you have questions about the water sample results and the laboratory is unable to assist you, a sanitarian may be able help to explain those. Contact our office at 734-240-7900.
First, contact a licensed well driller in the State of Michigan (PDF). The driller will help you troubleshoot the problem and supply your home with a safe water supply as soon as possible. Then, prior to commencing work on the well, contact the Monroe County Health Department to secure the proper water supply permits.
In the meantime, do not attempt to use the well in hope that the water has somehow returned. This can cause problems with mechanical equipment that is used in the water supply and can ultimately cost you money. You will have to utilize bottled water for drinking and cooking until you have a safe water supply. And, depending on the problem, the existing well may be upgraded or a new well may have to be drilled.
Refer to Site Plan Proposed On-Site Water Supply (PDF).
Refer to the Chlorination page.
You may contact the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) and file a groundwater dispute complaint. The hotline number for the MDEQ to file a complaint is 866-662-9278. A staff person from the MDEQ should contact you within five days of the complaint being filed.